LAPOLLA INDUSTRIES, INC.
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1. Summary of Organization, Basis of Presentation, and Critical Accounting Policies, Estimates, and Assumptions.
This summary briefly describes the Company’s organization, basis of presentation, and critical accounting policies, estimates, and assumptions, which are presented to assist in understanding these financial statements. The financial statements and notes are representations of management who are responsible for their integrity and objectivity. The accounting policies used conform to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in the United States of America and have been consistently applied in the preparation of these financial statements. Judgments and estimates of uncertainties are required in applying our accounting policies in many areas. However, application of the critical accounting policies discussed below requires management’s significant judgments, often as the result of the need to make estimates of matters that are inherently uncertain. If actual results were to differ materially from the estimates made, the reported results could be materially affected.
The Company was incorporated in the state of Delaware on October 20, 1989. The Company acquired 100% of the capital stock of Infiniti Products, Inc. (f/k/a Infiniti Paint Co., Inc.), a Florida corporation, effective September 1, 2001, which was engaged in the business of developing, marketing, selling, and distributing primarily acrylic roof coatings and polyurethane foam systems in the Southeastern United States (“Infiniti”). During the latter part of 2004, Infiniti built and began operating an acrylic roof coatings manufacturing plant in the Southeastern United States. On February 11, 2005, the Company acquired 100% of the capital stock of Lapolla Industries, Inc., an Arizona corporation (“Lapolla AZ”), which was engaged in the business of manufacturing acrylic roof coatings and sealants, and distributing polyurethane foam systems in the Southwestern United States. On April 1, 2005, Infiniti merged with and into Lapolla AZ whereas the existence of Infiniti ceased. On October 1, 2005, Lapolla AZ merged with and into the Company, under its former name of IFT Corporation, whereas the existence of Lapolla AZ ceased. On November 8, 2005, the Company changed its name to Lapolla Industries, Inc. On July 1, 2008, the Company acquired certain assets and liabilities of Air-Tight Marketing and Distribution, Inc. On November 5, 2004, the Company discontinued the operations of its former RSM Technologies, Inc. subsidiary.
Certain reclassifications of prior year amounts have been made to conform to the current year presentation.
Trade Receivables and Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of trade receivables. The Company’s customers consist primarily of contractors and distributors. Trade receivables consist primarily of uncollateralized customer obligations, including personal guarantees when obtainable, due under normal trade terms which usually require payment within 30 days of the invoice date. However, these payment terms are extended in select cases and many customers do not pay within stated trade terms. The Company has trade receivables from a diversified customer base. The Company has a credit insurance policy in place covering most customer account balances. The Company believes no significant concentration of credit risk exists. The Company evaluates the creditworthiness of its customers’ financial position and monitors accounts on a regular basis. Provisions to the allowance for doubtful accounts are reviewed quarterly and adjustments are made periodically (as circumstances warrant) based upon management’s best estimate of collectability of accounts. No customer represents more than 10% of sales for each of the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010. No customer represented more than 10% of trade receivables at December 31, 2011 or 2010.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill represents the excess of the cost over the fair value of net tangible and identifiable intangible assets of acquired businesses. Identifiable intangible assets acquired in business combinations are recorded based upon their fair value at the date of acquisition. According to GAAP, goodwill is required to be tested for impairment, on an annual basis and between annual tests in certain circumstances, and written down when impaired. The goodwill impairment test is performed by comparing the fair value of the associated reporting unit to its carrying value. GAAP also requires that intangible assets with estimable useful lives be amortized over their respective estimated lives to their estimated residual values, and reviewed for impairment, unless these lives are determined to be indefinite.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company adopted authoritative GAAP guidance regarding disclosures about fair value of financial instruments, which requires the disclosure of the fair value of off-and-on balance sheet financial instruments. Unless otherwise indicated, the fair values of all reported assets and liabilities, which represent financial instruments (none of which are held for trading purposes), approximate the carrying values of such amounts. The Company adopted authoritative GAAP guidance regarding fair value measurements, which defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. This guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value: (a) Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. The Company had no Level 1 assets or liabilities at December 31, 2011; (b) Level 2 - Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions (less active markets), or model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs are observable or can be derived principally from or corroborated with observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities. The Company had no Level 2 assets or liabilities at December 31, 2011; and (c) Level 3 - Unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of assets or liabilities. The Company had Level 3 assets or liabilities at December 31, 2011. See Note 9 to our financial statements for level 3 assets and liabilities. The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables and payables, prepaid expenses and other current assets, amounts due to related parties, and other payables and accruals approximate fair value due to the short period of time to maturity.